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Ramadan dadels en kaars

The holy month of Ramadan is an important time in the Islamic calendar.

Assignment 1

You may use English-language Internet sources to help you.

a           Name 5 or more religions.

b           Name 5 or more religious festivals.


Muslims all over the world are preparing to take part in the Islamic holy month of Ramadan.

Read the text to find out more about what Muslims traditionally do during this month, and why it is so important to them.

Assignment 2

Read the text. Find (and mark) the following words in the text:

holy – fasting – faith – charity – pilgrimage – to reach out – community – lunar – solar – pregnant – the elderly – to break fast

Match the above words and expressions with their correct definitions.

a        belief in the existence of God

b        to eat food for the first time after fasting, or for the first time in the day

c        eating no food for a period of time

d        expecting a baby

e        a group of people who have the same interests, religion, race, etc.

f         helpfulness and support for people who are poor or suffering

g        a journey to a holy place

h        to offer help or support

i         the people who are old

j         relating to the moon

k        relating to the sun

l         special because it is connected with God or a particular religion

Assignment 3

a        True or false?

1    At the end of Ramadan people celebrate Eid al-Fitr.

2    In the UK, everyone celebrates Ramadan.

3    People who are ill and children do not have to fast during Ramadan.

4    Ramadan begins on the same day every year.

5    Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar.

6    The iftar is the meal directly after sunset.

7    The suhoor is the meal just before sunset.

b        What are the five pillars of Islam? Choose all correct answers.

1    charity

2    community work

3    faith

4    fasting

5    good deeds

6    pilgrimage to Mecca

7    prayer

8    spiritual reflection

c        What is the lunar calendar?

1    A calendar that counts the moon nights instead of the sun days.

2    A calendar that everyone in the world uses.

3    A calendar that is based on the monthly cycles of the moon.

4    An unfixed date in the Western calendar.


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