Read the assignment and write down the answers in English. You may use English-language Internet sources to help you.
a Until 2009 there were officially 9 planets in the solar system. Then scientists said Pluto was ‘just’ a dwarf planet. Name the 8 remaining planets in our solar system.
b Write down five or more words related to space and space travel.
|Mission to Mars
NASA’s newest rover, Perseverance, landed on Mars on 18 February 2021.
Read all about it here.
Read the text. Connect the words and expressions that have the same meaning in the text.
|1. rover||a. a chemical that is found in the air, that has no colour, taste, or smell, and that is necessary for life|
|2. two-year mission||b. to examine something to find out what it is or what makes it work|
|3. signs of ancient life||c. the gas that is formed when people and animals breathe out; CO2|
|4. nicknamed||d. given a name that is not someone’s or something’s real name|
|5. samples||e. a job or task that lasts two years|
|6. tubes||f. kept in its original state or in good condition|
|7. spacecraft||g. a large area of water that is surrounded by land|
|8. analyze||h. long thin containers used to store things|
|9. fossil||i. a mark of a plant or animal which lived a very long time ago and that you can see in earth or rock|
|10. microbes||j. marks showing that something else existed thousands of years ago|
|11. lake||k. a motorized vehicle designed to travel across the surface of a planet|
|12. preserved||l. a person, boat, or plane that collects information or searches an area|
|13. scout||m. small amounts of something that give information about the thing it was taken from|
|14. oxygen||n. a vehicle that is used for travel in outer space|
|15. carbon dioxide||o. very small living things that can only be seen with a microscope|
a Why has the NASA sent Perseverance to Mars?
1 To find out how fast a rover can reach Mars.
2 To help the astronauts living on Mars.
3 To look for signs of life on the planet.
4 To take water from a lake and put it in tubes.
b Which statements fit the NASA rover Perseverance?
1 The largest rover NASA has sent to Mars
2 About the size of a drone
3 Weighs more than 1000 kilograms
4 Has more cameras than any other rover
5 First rover to send colour pictures from Mars
6 Will later help astronauts living on Mars
7 Has two microphones
8 First flying machine sent to Mars
c What will MOXIE do on Mars?
1 It will analyze rock and soil to see if they contain any signs of life.
2 It will collect samples of rock, soil and carbon dioxide and store them in tubes.
3 It will pick up samples of rock and soil and bring them back to earth.
4 It will try to change the carbon dioxide of Mars into air humans can breathe.
Want to know more? Check out this other text about the Perseverance.