a Some countries and groups of countries have long and also short names. Write down the full names of the following four short names:
b What are drones used for? Name two or more things.
Drones are used more and more for all kinds of things.
Read this text to find out more about a new exciting use of drones.
Read the text. Connect the words and expressions in the two columns that have the same meaning.
|1. rain||a. to change from a liquid (wet, water) into a gas|
|2. harsh||b. to continue to exist|
|3. catapult||c. drops of water from clouds|
|4. to launch||d. a device used to throw objects far and high|
|5. drone||e. expert who knows a lot about a particular area (such as biology, physics, or chemistry)|
|6. to zap||f. to hit something with electricity|
|7. scientist||g. a long period of time with very little or no rain|
|8. droplets||h. to send or shoot something into the air|
|9. more likely||i. a small aircraft without a pilot that is controlled by someone on the ground|
|10. to evaporate||j. small drops|
|11. to survive||k. the upper layer of an area of land|
|12. the surface||l. very unpleasant and extreme|
|13. drought||m. very valuable or important|
|14. WWF||n. with a better chance that it will happen|
|15. precious||o. World Wildlife Fund|
a Choose the best summary.
1 China and America are finally admitting that climate change is real.
2 Drones will hopefully help make more rain in the United Arab Emirates.
3 Scientists have discovered that hot countries cannot make it rain.
4 The UK and Finland are among the wettest countries on the planet.
b True or false?
1 The United Arab Emirates only gets about 10cm of rain per year.
2 In the United Arab Emirates most rain falls in summer.
3 The United Arab Emirates belong to the hottest countries on earth.
4 In the United Arab Emirates, raindrops often evaporate before they hit the ground.
5 The United Arab Emirates have the largest raindrops of all countries.
c How do the rain drones work? Put the steps in the correct order.
1 Bigger raindrops have a better chance of falling on the ground.
2 Catapults launch drones into clouds.
3 More rain may fall in hotter countries.
4 Smaller raindrops are joined together and become big raindrops.
5 The drones zap small raindrops in the clouds with an electric charge.
Take the poll.